Mapping current migration trends among unaccompanied minors

Session

Migration

Abstract

The last years have seen a huge increase in unaccompanied minors seeking refuge in the Nordic countries. In 2015, for example, Sweden alone received 40% of all unaccompanied minors that immigrated to the EU. However, because of changed policies this trend has been discontinued in 2016.

To enable a thorough analysis of today’s situation for unaccompanied minors in the Nordics it’s important to quantify the number of minors, identify the host municipalities and regions, age and sex, the origin countries of the minors, and the number of immigrated minors per origin country.

This paper aims to map and visualise the unaccompanied minors in the Nordic countries.

Målgruppe

Policy makers; specialists in statistics, GIS and visualisations.

Yderligere uddybning af abstract

The last years have seen a huge increase in unaccompanied minors seeking refuge in the Nordic countries. So far, 2015 has been the peak year, with in particular Sweden, but also Norway, Finland, and Denmark seeing high increases of in-migration of unaccompanied minors. In 2015, for example, Sweden alone received 40% of all unaccompanied minors that immigrated to the EU. However, because of changed policies this trend has been discontinued in 2016.

In 2016, the Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues started a project on compiling information and analysing the current situation in the Nordics with regards to the receiving unaccompanied minors. One aspect to be covered is to examine how the needs of the unaccompanied minors are catered for, including access to schools, medical care and housing. Nordregio’s Gustaf Norlén and Linus Rispling were asked to compile and visualise statistical material for the study.

To enable a thorough analysis of today’s situation for unaccompanied minors in the Nordics it’s important to quantify the number of minors, identify the host municipalities and regions, as well as to map age and sex. Also, the origin countries of the minors, and the number of immigrated minors per origin country, are of importance in order to connect the arriving minors to the global context. The mentioned data provides a basis for further analyses, and assists the evaluation of different actions and policies directed towards the minors. Furthermore, by combining data from the entire Nordic region a broader picture can be shown, which enables comparisons between the Nordic countries. However, a particular challenge in this regard is to locate high quality data, and to harmonise the data across the Nordics. This is particularly challenging as this is a changing field to which new policies and new regulations are introduced and with varying definitions within each Nordic country.

There have been several qualitative, but less quantitative, studies about the unaccompanied minors in the Nordics. In particular, there has been little quantitative cross-Nordic research on unaccompanied minors. This paper aims to map and visualise the unaccompanied minors in the Nordic countries.

Mapping current migration trends among unaccompanied minors
Gustaf Norlén
Nordregio